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Oracle BPEL, unable to generate native format

In my current project i need to build some integration to a cobol application.
To generate the interface used from within bpel the cobol team supplies the copybook file which i can use in bpel to generate the xsd by use of the Native Format Builder.

Generating the xsd gave me the next error : ‘Unable to generate native format’.

Check the copybook file and check if the array element is defined as


instead of



Oracle Service Bus 11g, handling SOAP Faults

On the Oracle Forums someone had a question on how to construct your own fault message based on the fault-part of the wsdl element.

In this blog we will add several activities to the flow to constantly see the output which will be generated by the proxy service.

The flow we will be creating should be looking like this

For the business service i used the helloworld service and imported the wsdl resource and xsd.
To be able to ‘throw’ the custom soap fault from within the proxy service to the service caller i edited the same wsdl, and added the fault part to the wsdl with my own fault response.



<definitions targetNamespace="http://hello.service.iteye.nl/"
	name="MyHelloServiceService" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/"
	xmlns:tns="http://hello.service.iteye.nl/" xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"
			<xsd:import namespace="http://hello.service.iteye.nl/"
				schemaLocation="XMLSchema_-896882874.xsd" />
	<message name="hello">
		<part name="parameters" element="tns:hello" />
	<message name="helloResponse">
		<part name="parameters" element="tns:helloResponse" />
	<message name="helloFaultResponse">
		<part name="parameters" element="tns:helloFaultResponse" />
	<portType name="MyHelloService">
		<operation name="hello">
			<input message="tns:hello" />
			<output message="tns:helloResponse" />
			<fault name ="helloFaultResponse" message="tns:helloFaultResponse" />
	<binding name="MyHelloServicePortBinding" type="tns:MyHelloService">
		<soap:binding transport="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/http"
			style="document" />
		<operation name="hello">
			<soap:operation soapAction="" />
				<soap:body use="literal" />
				<soap:body use="literal" />
			<fault name ="helloFaultResponse" >
			  <soap:body use="literal" />
	<service name="MyHelloServiceService">
		<port name="MyHelloServicePort" binding="tns:MyHelloServicePortBinding">
				location="http://localhost:7001/MyHelloService/MyHelloServiceService" />


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<xs:schema xmlns:tns="http://hello.service.iteye.nl/" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" targetNamespace="http://hello.service.iteye.nl/" version="1.0">
	<xs:element name="hello" type="tns:hello"/>
	<xs:element name="helloResponse" type="tns:helloResponse"/>
	<xs:element name="helloFaultResponse" type="tns:helloFaultResponse"/>
	<xs:complexType name="hello">
			<xs:element name="arg0" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0"/>
	<xs:complexType name="helloResponse">
			<xs:element name="return" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0"/>
	<xs:complexType name="helloFaultResponse">
			<xs:element name="errorCode" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0"/>
			<xs:element name="reason" type="xs:string" minOccurs="0"/>
			<xs:element name="location">
						<xs:element name="node" type="xs:string"/>
						<xs:element name="path" type="xs:string"/>
			<xs:element name="operation" type="xs:string"/>
			<xs:element name="uri" type="xs:string"/>
			<xs:element name="host" type="xs:string"/>
			<xs:element name="request_body" type="xs:string"/>			


We will be using soapUI to test the soap faults, and also check the http headers we receive back on the invokes of the proxy service.
Create a new project and add the wsdl of the deployed proxy service.

The happy flow

The service comes back with a ‘helloResponse’ and HTTP Response of 200

Error situation1

Change the endpoint of the business service to some non-existing endpoint. At this point we won’t add any error handling yet, just to see the response coming back from the Oracle Service Bus.

Oracle Service Bus generated a SOAP Fault and in the details part we will find extra info about in which part of the process it failed. For faultstring it will concat the values errorCode and reason.
The service comes back with a HTTP Response of 500, Internal Server Error.

Error situation2 with empty service error handler

Now we only added an empty service error handler to the process.

The response in soapUI will still look the same.
If we we test the proxy service from the testconsole we will get the next output.

The service fails, the error gets propogated to the service error handler, in here we do nothing with it, and it’s get propogated to the toplevel error handler, the system error handler.

Error situation3 with serivce error handler and reply success

Only thing we now are going to add is the ‘reply’ activity in the serivce error handler. First add the ‘Reply With Success’.
Now the response in soapUI will look like this

So the business service triggers a soap fault, we end up in the service error handler, and over here we ‘handle’ the soap fault and decide our self what to reply back to the ‘caller’. In this case we replied back with success.
So we receive HTTP Response code of 200, but no payload in the body.

Let’s try to send back a ‘helloResponse’ back from the service error handler.

Add the next replace
replace . in variable body with expression, Replace Node contents

<tns:helloResponse xmlns:tns="http://hello.service.iteye.nl/" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
	<return>Returning helloResponse from within the service error handler</return>

In this case we also end up in the service error handler, we construct the soap body, and add the helloResponse to it.
We still get a HTTP Response of 200 back.

This scenario we can use if you never want to reply back a soap fault to the caller. So we propogate all errors to the service error handler, and in here we decide what we’re going to do with it.
In case of no soap faults, we can construct our own helloResponse. So we’re actually transforming a soap fault to a business fault, reply it back on the output of the wsdl and the caller itself can decide what wants to do with it. Since the soap fault won’t be thrown back to him, he needs to check the body of the response to actually see if any error happened.

In this reply we only used some static message of ‘Returning helloResponse from within the service error handler’. At this point the context of the $fault is lost and the caller won’t know anything about the ‘real’ error.
If we still want to reply back any information about the fault context we can also enrich the response with values from the $fault.
for example :

<ns2:helloResponse 	xmlns:ns2="http://hello.service.iteye.nl/">
	<return>Returning helloResponse from within the service error handler, {concat($fault/ctx:errorCode/text(),' - ', $fault/ctx:reason/text())}</return>

Error situation4 with service error handler and reply failure

The only situation which is left is the construction of the soap fault, and reply it back on the fault-element of the wsdl with the correct HTTP Response.
First only add the ‘Reply with Failure’ activity, to see what the response will be.

Again we end up in the service error handler, since we don’t do any handling of the error itself besides a reply with failure no soap fault will get propogated (neither the one generated by the service bus itself) either.
So we receive a normal empty soap body response, but with HTTP Response of 500, Interal Server Error.

The only thing what’s left is constructing the soap fault payload.
If you check the payload of the first error testcase we see the soap envelope with soap fault needs to look like this

<soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
         <faultstring>BEA-380002: Not Found</faultstring>
			<b>in here we will add our own soap fault response payload message</b>

The format of the replacement we will base on the ‘helloFaultResponse’ of our xsd and when we reply it back we apply to the interface of the wsdl, specifically to the fault-part of the invoke of hello-operation.

To show you a bit what is possible in constructing, the ‘helloFaultResponse’ is rather full of elements. It’s just to show you what’s possible with constructing the payload and how you can enrich it by making use of the $fault, $inbound, $outbound, etc.

The replace i used in the service error handler

		<faultcode xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">soapenv:Server</faultcode>
		<faultstring>{concat($fault/ctx:errorCode,': ',$fault/ctx:reason)}</faultstring>
			<ns2:helloFaultResponse xmlns:ns2="http://hello.service.iteye.nl/">

And the output in soapUI

I hope it’s a bit clear on how to handle the faults in the Oracle Service Bus. In my testcases i only added the logic to the service error handler. But we can also the the error handlers to the other locations like stages and routing activities. It depends on the logic you want to execute at which place you want to handle the error itself.


Live Webcast Oracle Service Bus 11g

On the 20th July 2010 (Time: 10 a.m. PT/1 p.m. ET) Oracle will give a live Webcast on the launch of the new Oracle Service Bus 11g.
“Introducing Oracle Service Bus 11g—Extending Oracle SOA Suite Leadership”

Interesting for all of you who already use or will be using the new service bus.

Hopefully they will discuss all the nice new features.

To register, click here


Oracle Service Bus custom xpath functions, prefix not defined in static context

When defining the new custom xpath functions for use in the service bus make sure you don’t prefix the name of the function you want to use

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<xpf:xpathFunctions xmlns:xpf="http://www.bea.com/wli/sb/xpath/config">
    <xpf:category id="%OSB_FUNCTIONS%">
            <xpf:method>java.lang.String customConcat(java.lang.String, java.lang.String)</xpf:method>



instead of


no namespace prefix on the name

Otherwise on designtime you will receive some error message like :

!MESSAGE [Error Handler, FinalErrorHandler, Assign action] XQuery expression validation failed: line 6, column 32: {err}FONS0003: "func4": prefix not defined in static context

fusion11g, osb

SOA+OSB in same JVM, continued

Thanks to Manoj for this overview on how to run the osb and soa suite in one jvm.
My machine was almost dying when i wanted to run both the osb server and the soa suite server.
For development this solution is great and it will save you some resources.

After creating the domain and starting up the admin server i faced the next stacktrace and the adminserver won’t start up.

####<Jun 14, 2010 9:28:40 AM CEST> <Critical> <WebLogicServer> <multimedia> <AdminServer> <Main Thread> <<WLS Kernel>> <> <> <1276500520469> <BEA-000386> <Server subsystem failed. Reason: weblogic.descriptor.DescriptorValidateException: The following failures occurred:
-- JMS server or SAF agent UMSJMSServer is not targeted to the same target as its persistent store
-- JMS server or SAF agent UMSJMSServer is not targeted to the same target as its persistent store
-- JMS server or SAF agent wlsbJMSServer is not targeted to the same target as its persistent store
-- JMS server or SAF agent SOAJMSServer is not targeted to the same target as its persistent store
-- JMS server or SAF agent BPMJMSServer is not targeted to the same target as its persistent store
-- JMS server or SAF agent WseeJmsServer is not targeted to the same target as its persistent store
-- JMS server or SAF agent WseeJaxwsJmsServer_auto_2 is not targeted to the same target as its persistent store

Guess the installation mixed up the targets of the jms stores. In my case most of the failed jms stores where targeted to the AdminServer instead of the soa_server1.

I assume this can also be fixed in ‘Select Optional Configuration’ step of the wizard, where we can select the JMS File Store option to modify.
Or edit the file ‘config.xml’ (what i did) located at


Find the named jms servers, and check the related filestore. They will have different targets. Fix them so they both target the soa_server1 and start the AdminServer again.


My Oracle ACE trophy arrived!

Today i received a nice little present from Oracle!

My ACE trophy, another one for the collection (though it’s still quite empty)

fusion11g, osb

Oracle Service Bus 11g communication with Oracle SOA Suite 11g, DirectBindings and SOA-DIRECT, part2

In this second part of the serie about communication between Oracle Service Bus and Composite Applications from the SOA Suite we will discuss the synchronous communication from the service bus to the composite application.
When developing composite applications, you could expose these services to the outside world to be used by customers. In these cases you could decide to make use of a service bus in front of the services to virtualize them.

Sync call from Oracle Service Bus to SOA Suite Composite

In this blog we will develop the next flow

Oracle SOA Suite Composite Application

In JDeveloper create a new SOA Application with an empty SOA Project in it.
For this blog i created a simple synchronous HelloWorld bpel process which will return the “Hello ” + the inputparameter string.

Direct Binding

To be able to invoke the bpel process we need to expose the service interface of the bpel process.
Drag the Direct Binding Service Adapter to the left swim lane.

For the service interface i will just re-use the wsdl of the bpel process.
In the first part of this serie we used ‘Reference’ type for the Direct Binding. In this case we want to invoke the composite from our Oracle Service Bus project, so we will be using the ‘Service’ Type.

And that’s pretty much it what is needed for the composite. The flow should look something like this

Deploy the application. If we lookup the process in the Enterprise Manager and select it we will see a overview of the next components in it

In the first part of the serie we used the Hello_PS_Direct with the ‘Reference’ usage for the DirectBinding and in this blog we will be using the ‘Service’ usage.

Oracle Service Bus

For the development of the Oracle Service Bus process we need a few components

  • Proxy Service
  • Business Service (invoking the bpel process)

Create a new OSB Configuration Project in Oracle Enterprise Pack for Eclipse.
Creata a new OSB Project.

Communication with the Oracle SOA Suite components will make use of the new SOA-DIRECT transport available in the Oracle Service Bus 11g.

  • The SOA-DIRECT transport provides native connectivity between the Oracle Service Bus and the Oracle SOA Suite service components.
  • The SOA-DIRECT transport supports wsdl type services with soap1.1 and soap1.2 or XML Bindings.
  • The SOA-DIRECT transport supports the following features: (copy/paste)
    • Invocation of any SOA binding component services through Java remote method invocation (RMI)
    • WS-Addressing, including optional auto-generation of ReplyTo properties for asynchronous callbacks
    • Identity propagation
    • Transaction propagation
    • Attachments
    • Optimized RMI transport for invoking SOA services
    • High availability and clustering support
    • Failover and load balancing (not available for services in the Service Callback role
    • Connection and application retries on errors

To be able to invoke the bpel service we will need the service endpoint.
In JDeveloper go to the ‘Application Server Navigator’. Select the soasuite applicationserver > SOA > soa_server1 > default > your composite name > name of your expose service interface. Right mouse click on it and select ‘Copy Path’.

If we look into the wsdl we will see it created two services for us (soap1.1 and soap1.2) with the t3 endpoint in it.

    <wsdl:service name="DServiceHelloWorld">
        <wsdl:port name="DServiceHelloWorldDirectBindingPort11" binding="client:HelloBPELProcessDirectBinding1.1">
            <soap:address location="t3://xesoa11g.iteye.local:8001/default/DirectBindingComposite!1.0/DServiceHelloWorld" xmlns:soap="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap/"/>
        <wsdl:port name="DServiceHelloWorldDirectBindingPort12" binding="client:HelloBPELProcessDirectBinding1.2">
            <soap12:address location="t3://xesoa11g.iteye.local:8001/default/DirectBindingComposite!1.0/DServiceHelloWorld" xmlns:soap12="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/wsdl/soap12/"/>

In your Oracle Service Bus project (switch ide again), import the wsdl resource from the location we just copied. The import will create a wsdl + xsd from the bpel process for us.

Create a new Busines Service in this project and use the next settings.

We’ll be using a wsdl based business service, and for this interface we will use the wsdl we just imported.

By default the soa-direct transport is selected with the t3 endpoint of our bpel process (direct binding interface).

On the SOA-DIRECT Transport tab we can select some other settings. Since we will be invoking a synchronous bpel process the ‘Synchronous client’ option will do just fine and the rest isn’t needed.

  • JNDI Service Account – Configurat security credentials for the jndi lookup of the target soa service
  • Role – Synchronous Client/Asynchronous Client/Service Callback, depending on the service you invoke
  • Callback Proxy – needed for the Asynchronous Client, specify the proxyservice where to deliver the callback
  • Fault Proxy- needed for the Asynchronous Client, specify the proxyservice where to deliver the fault situations
  • WS-Addressing version, needed for Asynchronous Client, specify the version of WS-Addressing is provided in the request or proxy service pipeline
  • Dispatch Policy – Select the instance of Oracle WebLogic Server Work Manager that you want to use for the dispatch policy for this endpoint

From the business service generate the proxy service. This will be a SOAP over HTTP service based on the same wsdl of the business service.

We should end up with the next list of resources

Publish the Oracle Service Bus project to the server.
Test the proxy service and see if the outcome is correct



Go back to the Enterprise Manager console, and see if a new instance got created.

audit trail

The steps we need to communicate sync from the Oracle Service Bus with the Composite Application :
Create a composite application with Direct Binding Service Reference. Import the resources in your Oracle Service Bus project. Create a business services based on these ans use the SOA-DIRECT transport to communicate with the composite application.

In the other parts of this serie i will discuss the asynchronous flows between the Oracle Service Bus and the Composite Applications.

fusion11g, osb

Oracle Service Bus 11g communication with Oracle SOA Suite 11g, DirectBindings, part1

In a few short blogs i will describe how to develop the following process flows

  • Communicate from Oracle Service Bus 11g to Oracle SOA Suite Composite, Synchronous
  • Communicate from Oracle Service Bus 11g to Oracle SOA Suite Composite, ASynchronous
  • Communicate from Oracle SOA Suite Composite to Oracle Service Bus 11g, Synchronous
  • Communicate from Oracle SOA Suite Composite to Oracle Service Bus 11g, ASynchronous

Sync call from Oracle SOA Suite Composite to Oracle Service Bus 11g

We will develop the next process flow

Oracle Service Bus

For the development of the Oracle Service Bus process we need a few components

  • Proxy Service
  • Business Service
  • External Service (the service we eventually route to)

External Service

For this i created a simple HelloWorld Webservice which will only returns the “Hello …” string.

package nl.iteye.service.hello;

import javax.jws.*;

public class MyHelloService {

	public String hello(String name) {
		return "Hello " + name;

Deploy the service and test it to see if if the invocation works.

Oracle Servicebus components

Create a new OSB Configuration Project in Oracle Enterprise Pack for Eclipse.
Creata a new OSB Project.
Create a new Busines Service in this project and use the next settings.

Use the wsdl of the deployed MyHelloService. Easiest way to find this url is to go to the Console > Deployments > MyHelloServiceEAR > Testing > MyHelloServiceService > ?WSDL
Basicually we can use the default settings after browsing to the correct wsdl.

Create a new Proxy Service based on this Business Service

By default it will create a Proxy Service with HTTP Transport, change this to SB Transport. This will be used eventually when we invoke the service from our Composite Application.

We will have the next list of resources

  • proxy service
  • business service
  • imported helloworld wsdl
  • imported helloworld xsd

We’re ready with the Oracle Service part. Deploy the project.

Oracle SOA Suite Composite Application

In JDeveloper create a new SOA Application with an empty SOA Project in it.
Eventually we will be creating the next flow

First we need the effective wsdl of our Proxy Service. This we will be using for the Direct Binding reference from our composite to the Oracle Service Bus resource.
From Eclipse :

From OSB Console :

In the wsdl we’ll see the Binding- and the Service-parts. In the Service location we will see the sb:// endpoint of the Proxy Service.

  <WL5G3N0:service name="MyHelloServiceService">
    <WL5G3N0:port binding="WL5G3N1:MyHelloServicePortBinding" name="MyHelloServicePort">
      <WL5G3N2:address location="sb://localhost:7001/hello_ps"/>

Direct Binding

Drag the Direct Binding Service Adapter on the swim lane

In this case we are invoking an osb resource, so we will be using ‘Reference’ as Type and ‘Oracle Service Bus’ as Reference Target.
For the WSDL URL browse to the location at which your exported and unpacked the Effect WSDL. Let the wizard copy the resource into the project and don’t maintain the original directory structure.


Drag the Mediator component to the middle swim lane.
For the mediator interface i will use the same wsdl, to keep it simple.

Drag the left arrow of the mediator the to the left swim lane. Now we will have a soap endpoint to test against.
Drag the right arrow to the Direct Binding Service we created in the first step. Doubleclick the mediator to add the transformations.

The process should be done by now. Deploy the SOA Composite.
Go to the Enterprise Manager Console and test the application.

Click “Launch Message Flow Trace” to see what got executed.

In here we will see the Hello_PS_Direct of type ‘Direct Binding’ got executed.

To see if the invoke really triggered my OSB Resources i added tracing to the Proxy Service.

 [OSB Tracing] Routing to SOADirectBinding/hello_bs with message context:
$body = <soap-env:Body xmlns:soap-env="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <tns:hello xmlns:tns="http://hello.service.iteye.nl/">
 [OSB Tracing] The following variables are changed:
 $body = <S:Body xmlns:S="http://schemas.xmlsoap.org/soap/envelope/">
  <ns2:helloResponse xmlns:ns2="http://hello.service.iteye.nl/">
    <return>Hello Eric</return>

The steps we need to communicate sync from the Composite Application with the Oracle Service Bus :
Create a proxy service with sb-transport in the Oracle Service Bus, use the effective wsdl from this service to create a reference service with the Direct Binding adapter and you’re ready to go.
The other steps needed are just the usual steps to create and implement the Composite Application and the resources in the Oracle Service Bus.


Blog is moved to a new location!

My blog is moved to a new location.
From now on you will find all the old posts both on http://eelzinga.wordpress.com and http://blog.xenta.nl/

The new posts will only get added to http://blog.xenta.nl

Hope you will enjoy the new site!

fusion11g, java, weblogic

Scheduling Oracle SOA Suite Composite Applications (or whatever you want) in Weblogic

After reading a nice article about TimerManager functionality in Weblogic, i wanted to see how easy it would be to schedule my test composite application.

First deploy your composite and go to SOA > soa-infra > default > Test > WSDL.
Copy/paste the wsdl, this one we will use to generate the web proxy.
Back in JDeveloper create a new Application (or add it to an existing one), and create a new Web Project.

Select the jsp option, we will use this page later to trigger the scheduler.

Generating the Web Proxy

Right mouseclick on the Project > New > Business Tier > Web Services > Web Service Proxy

Fill in the url which we copy/pasted from the Test console of the composite application.

Fill in your package structure

We only have a synchronious service call

Here we have the option to apply any policies

This will generate all the code we need to invoke the composite application (wsdl).
The class with the name ending with ‘_ptClient’ contains all the code needed to do the invoke from java. This we will reuse later on.
For a little test, change the code so it calls the correct method of your composite application and check the console to see if it triggers a new instance.
Now we know for sure the proxy code itself is working, so we can go on with the code to schedule the invoke.


The code of the TimerManager i borrowed from this excellent blog.
Create both ‘TimerServlet’ servlet and the ‘TimerListener’ class, edit web.xml, and add link to the servlet to the index.jsp which we generated in one of the earlier steps.

Now copy/paste the example code of the ‘_ptClient’ class to the ‘TimerListener’ class, and select the method you want to call (in my case the ‘process’ method).

Deploy and Run

Add a new WAR File Deployment Profile to the project.
Right mouseclick on the Project > Deploy > MyTimerApp and either select to deploy right away to the Application Server or to a local WAR archive.

Go to the url of the index.jsp to trigger the scheduler, for example http://localhost:8001/MyBPELTimer-MyTimerClient-context-root/index.jsp

Console output

inside timerExpired()
Starting schedule bpel, Fri May 21 12:25:03 CEST 2010
Finishing schedule bpel, response is : setOutput
exiting timerExpired()

inside timerExpired()
Starting schedule bpel, Fri May 21 12:25:13 CEST 2010
Finishing schedule bpel, response is : setOutput
exiting timerExpired()

inside timerExpired()
Starting schedule bpel, Fri May 21 12:25:23 CEST 2010
Finishing schedule bpel, response is : setOutput
exiting timerExpired()

Overview of the Composite instances which were created




JDeveloper Project – It includes the generated code/imports against my own composite application. Regenerate the code against your own wsdl, and revalidate the code.


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